Metodologias interdisciplinares e inclusivas no tratamento em grupo para crianças autistas e neurodivergentes

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.7769/gesec.v15i4.3699

Palavras-chave:

Multidisciplinaridade, Interdisciplinaridade, Transtorno do Espectro Autista, Pacientes Neurodivergentes

Resumo

OBJETIVO: Esta revisão narrativa de literatura propõe-se a investigar as dificuldades de interação social e comunicação em indivíduos com Transtorno do Espectro do Autismo (TEA) e examinar a importância da intervenção multidisciplinar e interdisciplinar e do envolvimento da família no tratamento dessas dificuldades. MÉTODOS: Nesta revisão bibliográfica (bases de dados, sites e periódicos especializados) foram selecionados estudos buscando-se como palavras-chave “multidisciplinaridade”, interdisciplinaridade”, transdisciplinaridade” e “definição” para abordagem do tema proposto. Foram considerados estudos e artigos científicos relevantes publicados nos últimos anos. As bases de dados avaliadas foram MEDLINE, GOOGLE ACADÊMICO, PUBMED, SCIENCE DIRECT, SciELO e LILACS. RESULTADOS: Nos estudos selecionados sobre o tema, os resultados destacam que o cuidado de crianças autistas requer uma abordagem multidisciplinar e interdisciplinar, envolvendo técnicas diversas de forma a promover o desenvolvimento biopsicossocial de pacientes pediátricos com TEA e neurodivergentes. Além disso, a participação e o envolvimento da família são cruciais para o progresso e desenvolvimento da criança. CONCLUSÃO: Conclui-se que a intervenção precoce e a abordagem interdisciplinar e inclusiva com tratamento em grupo, aliadas ao envolvimento ativo da família, são fundamentais para o sucesso do tratamento de crianças com TEA e neurodivergentes, proporcionando melhores resultados em termos de desenvolvimento social, comunicação e qualidade de vida.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Referências

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). 2013. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596

Araujo AGR, Silva MA da, Zanon RB. AUTISMO, Neurodiversidade e estigma: perspectivas políticas e de inclusão. Psicol Esc Educ [Internet]. 2023;27:e247367. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/2175-35392023-247367

Bendowska A, Baum E. The Significance of Cooperation in Interdisciplinary Health Care Teams as Perceived by Polish Medical Students. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2023;20(2):954. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20020954

Bowman KS, Suarez VD, Weiss MJ. Standards for Interprofessional Collaboration in the Treatment of Individuals With Autism. Behav Anal Pract. 2021;14(4):1191-1208. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40617-021-00560-0

Bradshaw J, Wolfe K, Hock R, Scopano L. Advances in Supporting Parents in Interventions for Autism Spectrum Disorder. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2022;69(4):645-656. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcl.2022.04.002

Cascio CJ, Woynaroski T, Baranek GT, Wallace MT. Toward an interdisciplinary approach to understanding sensory function in autism spectrum disorder. Autism Res. 2016;9(9):920-925. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/aur.1612

Cherewick M, Daniel C, Shrestha CC, Giri P, Dukpa C, Cruz CM, Rai RP, Matergia M. Psychosocial interventions for autistic children and adolescents delivered by non-specialists in low- and middle-income countries: a scoping review. Front Psychol. 2023; 14:1181976. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1181976

Correa B, Simas F, Portes JRM. Metas de Socialização e Estratégias de Ação de Mães de Crianças com Suspeita de Transtorno do Espectro Autista. Rev bras educ espec [Internet]. 2018Apr;24(2):293–308. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/s1413-65382418000200010

Da Paz NS, Wallander JL. Interventions that target improvements in mental health for parents of children with autism spectrum disorders: A narrative review. Clin Psychol Rev. 2017;51:1-14. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2016.10.006

Dekker V, Nauta MH, Timmerman ME, Mulder EJ, van der Veen-Mulders L, van den Hoofdakker BJ, van Warners S, Vet LJJ, Hoekstra PJ, de Bildt A. Social skills group training in children with autism spectrum disorder: a randomized controlled trial. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2019; 28(3):415-424. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-018-1205-1

Donaghy B, Moore D, Green J. Co-Occurring Physical Health Challenges in Neurodivergent Children and Young People: A Topical Review and Recommendation. Child Care in Practice. 2023; 29(1), 3–21. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13575279.2022.2149471

Doyle N. Neurodiversity at work: a biopsychosocial model and the impact on working adults. Br Med Bull. 2020;135(1):108-125. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/bmb/ldaa021

Elbeltagi R, Al-Beltagi M, Saeed NK, Alhawamdeh R. Play therapy in children with autism: Its role, implications, and limitations. World J Clin Pediatr. 2023; 12(1):1-22. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5409/wjcp.v12.i1.1

Farias DN de, Ribeiro KSQS, Anjos UU dos, Brito GEG de. Interdisciplinaridade e Interprofissionalidade na Estratégia Saúde da Família. Trab educ saúde [Internet]. 2018;16(1):141–62. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/1981-7746-sol00098

Gerdts J, Mancini J, Fox E, Rhoads C, Ward T, Easley E, Bernier RA. Interdisciplinary Team Evaluation: An Effective Method for the Diagnostic Assessment of Autism Spectrum Disorder. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2018; 39(4):271-281. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/DBP.0000000000000549

Gomes PTM, Lima LHL, Bueno MKG, Araújo LA, Souza NM. Autism in Brazil: a systematic review of family challenges and coping strategies . J Pediatr (Rio J) [Internet]. 2015;91(2):111–21. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2014.08.009

Green BN, Johnson CD. Interprofessional collaboration in research, education, and clinical practice: working together for a better future. J Chiropr Educ. 2015;29(1):1-10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7899/JCE-14-36

Green J, Charman T, McConachie H, Aldred C, Slonims V, Howlin P, Le Couteur A, Leadbitter K, Hudry K, Byford S, Barrett B, Temple K, Macdonald W, Pickles A; PACT Consortium. Parent-mediated communication-focused treatment in children with autism (PACT): a randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2010;375(9732):2152-60. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60587-9

Green J, Leadbitter K, Ellis C, Taylor L, Moore HL, Carruthers S, James K, Taylor C, Balabanovska M, Langhorne S, Aldred C, Slonims V, Grahame V, Parr J, Humphrey N, Howlin P, McConachie H, Couteur AL, Charman T, Emsley R, Pickles A. Combined social communication therapy at home and in education for young autistic children in England (PACT-G): a parallel, single-blind, randomised controlled trial. Lancet Psychiatry. 2022 Apr;9(4):307-320. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(22)00029-3

Hotton M, Coles S. The Effectiveness of Social Skills Training Groups for Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Rev J Autism Dev Disord. 2016; 3: 68–81. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40489-015-0066-5

Junaid SB, Imam AA, Balogun AO, et al. Recent Advancements in Emerging Technologies for Healthcare Management Systems: A Survey. Healthcare (Basel). 2022;10(10):1940. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10101940

Kamp-Becker I. Autism spectrum disorder in ICD-11-a critical reflection of its possible impact on clinical practice and research. Mol Psychiatry [Internet]. 2024. Disponível em: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41380-023-02354-y. Acesso em: 24 de março de 2024. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41380-023-02354-y

Kuluski K, Ho JW, Hans PK, Nelson M. Community Care for People with Complex Care Needs: Bridging the Gap between Health and Social Care. Int J Integr Care. 2017;17(4):2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5334/ijic.2944

Lang J, Wylie G, Haig C, Gillberg C, Minnis H. Towards system redesign: An exploratory analysis of neurodivergent traits in a childhood population referred for autism assessment. PLoS One. 2024;19(1):e0296077. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0296077

Maciver D, Rutherford M, Johnston L, Curnow E, Boilson M, Murray M. An interdisciplinary nationwide complex intervention for lifespan neurodevelopmental service development: Underpinning principles and realist programme theory. Front Rehabil Sci. 2023;3:1060596. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fresc.2022.1060596

Maldonado MT e Canella P. Recursos de relacionamento para profissionais de saúde: a boa comunicação com clientes e seus familiares em consultórios, ambulatórios e hospitais. Rio de Janeiro: Reichmann & Affonso Editores Ltda, 2003. 320 p.

Martin AK, Green TL, McCarthy AL, Sowa PM, Laakso EL. Healthcare Teams: Terminology, Confusion, and Ramifications. J Multidiscip Healthc.15: 765-772, 2022. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2147/JMDH.S342197

Maughan AL, Lunsky Y, Lake J, et al. Parent, child, and family outcomes following Acceptance And Commitment Therapy for parents of autistic children: A randomized controlled trial. Autism. 2024;28(2):367-380. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/13623613231172241

McConachie H, Diggle T. Parent implemented early intervention for young children with autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review. J Eval Clin Pract. 2007;13(1):120-129. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2753.2006.00674.x

Parsons D, Cordier R, Vaz S, Lee HC. Parent-Mediated Intervention Training Delivered Remotely for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder Living Outside of Urban Areas: Systematic Review. J Med Internet Res. 2017;19(8):e198. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.6651

Pickles A, Le Couteur A, Leadbitter K, et al. Parent-mediated social communication therapy for young children with autism (PACT): long-term follow-up of a randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2016;388(10059):2501-2509. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31229-6

Pratesi CB, Garcia AB, Pratesi R, Gandolfi L, Hecht M, Nakano EY, Zandonadi RP. Quality of Life in Caregivers of Children and Adolescents with Autistic Spectrum Disorder: Development and Validation of the Questionnaire. Brain Sci. 2021;11(7):924. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11070924

Reichow B, Steiner AM, Volkmar F. Social skills groups for people aged 6 to 21 with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012; (7):CD008511. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD008511.pub2

Romeu CA, Rossit RAS. Trabalho em Equipe Interprofissional no Atendimento à Criança com Transtorno do Espectro do Autismo. Rev bras educ espec [Internet]. 2022;28:e0114. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-54702022v28e0114

Simões ALA, Rodrigues LR, Fonseca MO, Machado DC, Amaral AS. Significado da terapia de grupo para crianças autistas: percepção das mães. Cienc Cuid Saude. 2010; 9(2):278-284. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4025/cienccuidsaude.v9i2.8844

Vaisvaser S. Moving Along and Beyond the Spectrum: Creative Group Therapy for Children With Autism. Front Psychol. 2019;10:417. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00417

Van Bewer V. Transdisciplinarity in Health Care: A Concept Analysis. Nurs Forum.; 52(4):339-347, 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/nuf.12200

Vismara LA, Rogers SJ. Behavioral treatments in autism spectrum disorder: what do we know? Annu Rev Clin Psychol. 2010; 6:447-68. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.clinpsy.121208.131151

Weissheimer G, Mazza V de A, Freitas CASL, Silva SR da. Informational support for families of children with autism spectrum disorder. Rev Gaúcha Enferm [Internet]. 2021;42:e20200076. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/1983-1447.2021.20200076

WHO, ICD-11—International Classification of Diseases 11th Revision. The global standard of diagnostic health information Switzerland (WHO headquarters): World Health Organization, 2022. Disponível em: https://icd.who.int/browse/2024-01/mms/en. Acesso em: 24 de março de 2023.

Will MN, Currans K, Smith J, Weber S, Duncan A, Burton J, Kroeger-Geoppinger K, Miller V, Stone M, Mays L, Luebrecht A, Heeman A, Erickson C, Anixt J. Evidenced-Based Interventions for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder. Curr Probl Pediatr Adolesc Health Care. 2018; 48(10):234-249. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cppeds.2018.08.014

Downloads

Publicado

2024-04-11

Como Citar

Barbosa, F. C., Tadine, R. M., Rezende, J. D. P., Lopes, G. C. D., & Holmes, A. L. (2024). Metodologias interdisciplinares e inclusivas no tratamento em grupo para crianças autistas e neurodivergentes. Revista De Gestão E Secretariado, 15(4), e3699. https://doi.org/10.7769/gesec.v15i4.3699